GDSM-English

1-Sustainable Cosmos
Dr .AMBIKA HANCHATE
IYS chapter -Karnataka ,INDIA
SDG Ambassador
We all human beings include many  creatures on this earth living on this planet rather than other planets in this universe .Do you know why ? Because only on this planet we have all sufficient basic features to lead a life with water ,air ,food , education ,health ,energy ,economical ways ,shelter ,clothes etc . Even myths also says ” Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam “, that means we all are one family ” even can call it gender equality .don’t think that to where my words are connecting ,of course it’s reaching the same point of sustainable development goals (SDG)  .
“Where there is a unitenss ,peace globe will begin
Where there is the education ,gender equality will begin
Where there is respect (sanskar) , beliveness will begin .
SDG is not only a blueprint to achieve the 17 SDGs goals .It is our prime duty , responsibility ,until we can’t put a volunteer step hence we can’t create a perfect /indeed SDG ‘ Globe. Then how to deal with this in the theme of SDG’s ,let me explain in my point of view / as I know .
Introducing about SDG’s in brief
No poverty: UN has interconnected 2030 Agendas ,whiCh means it targeting to decrease the level of poverty line and along with UN ,many of poverty programme by other organisations are doing well ,as per the survey their is 3% target hit on to decrease but can’t reach out more ,even people are flowing  from the extreme poverty without having basic needs too .
Zero Hunger : to fulfilling the tummy ,we all are working .But it’s raising globally cause of many facts in there unemployment ,lack of humanity ,corruption etc .Overall million people are affected and dying from the malnutrition in many of countries
Good health and well being : As we know health is wealth ,and it is our happiness ,activity ,having a well nutritions food but really is it enough to have good health ? No .As a volunteer we should raise the voice to give awareness about TB ,cancer ,aids , covid19 like many complex diseases which really need to be made free from the globe.
Quality education ” media took is universal right that’s why many countries adapted under constitutional level and planned in various levels to achieve Zero illiteracy by providing all kinds of sources. Also we are back to reaching the goal, we are unable to   afford well infrastructures for learning .
Gender equality : equaliness between the male and female in all fields ,salary ,properties etc are must be needed ,it’s a human rights too in the universal .and  one of the  main heart centre goal in the SDGs ,but still we are facing many critical phases are in political ,social norms , blind belief, and other structural issues etc,
so that we are not reaching fully  toward what the UN has a goal on .
Clean  water and sanitation :very close thing we should know to first that is we are in endangered because if the environmental issue ,decreasing of surface water level ,deforestation ,mining , unbalancing nature system etc but targeting sanitation and safe water for all is the main theme that’s why every year in many occasion all kind government body’s ,instructions ,school ,colleges are made campaigns and many activities .
“If earth is wet ,we alive ,otherwise we will be dry without drop “
Affordable and clean energy : the whole universe is planted from the energy ,scientifically it’s true too ,every single object has its own energy itself .And this drives the whole universe ,then how could we  imagine our life  without energy ? There is many type sources are on earth in there some of renewable and some of not ,but still 800 millions are lack to use from the electricity ,so we have to invest on this to achieve the goal .But how ?With a doing these little actions :
“Switch off the lights while no use ,use LED bulbs instead of consuming electricity ,taught to people ,aware them.etc
Decent work and economic growth : here employment and economic level are emphasise to grow towards the Nation development .And off course without that it’s very critical to handle anything and the decent work meant here No pay gaps in between gender payment ,create opportunities ,before to stand up with the new startup in the economical zone ,there should be the green think to be tagged for go Green etc .
Industry ,innovation and infrastructure :  those all are becoming a great stamina standard for the global development goals in all ways for the transport , communication Link’s will be connect from one to another nation ,innovations will build strong empowering young generations with technically and scientifically overall it’s playing vital role in the SDGs
Reduced inequalities : the title only describes about the inequalities ,it should not be involved in the any kind sectors especially in income and power category .without making disappropriate , discrimination ,guiltiness and look of the barriers we should  not measure .With better investment and share focus must be drive to reach the goals .
Sustainable cities and communities :
 This goal addresses the situation of slums and arranges their transport ,education ,basic necessities , cleanness ,clean and waste management etc topics will be covered but many surveys and data are proved that the urban areas are growing faster than the pollution themselves, hence relevant  Consequences have arrived.
Responsible consumption and production :
Food to all and all for the production  that means whatever the globe has been produce by the industries on this earth or may it providing by the nature ,we all are equally right holders to have it ,but our over extrication of resources ,waste distribution ,degradation of resources are highly making responsible us to reach this goal .
Without production -No consumption
Without managing balanced nature -No lives “
Climate action :Climate action :it is one of the very important actions and everyone’s question about living for fresh air . it’s not a notice board alert goal it’s our awareness danger alert goal too ,without negligence we should start the work on it .
,because We all know day to day how we are polluting air ,water and everything by ruining our ozone layer simultaneously ,despite the media coverage we must work against this to control greenhouse emission, climate action etc. 
In the Paris agreement ,suggesting a revitalized course to achieve the goal  (signed back in 2016)and  drastic action is still required to mitigate all clients related issues.
Life below water : specifically related to life under the sea ,topics covered for conserving sea related food ,how to sustainable oceans ,and marine resources this goal stand for completely of overfishing ,floods and impacts of ocean creatures generation .How universal organizational bodies are working for save towards wild animals for their life progress to coming generation like that in the oceans many Microorganisms are living so we have to achieve to save them as voluntarily and many’s are doing so well .
Life on land : this goal include the topic of agriculture and biodiversity ,day to day a new factory ,companies and real estate are landing on the land with deforestation by this cause our crop yielding are being less with using of more chemicals ,malnutrition are happening ,overall it’s cleaning/cut off  land greenness .And another side  wild animals poaching ,animal extinctions are making our life difficulty and our ecosystem too imbalanced .
Peace ,justice and strong institutions:
SDGs one of the main goals to promote peace globally ,say No WAR ,this goal can’t be reached overnight . possible only by the consistency of work by hand to hand . international homicides, child sex ,human trafficking ,child labour ,domestic violence so many topics will be covered under this goal .Yet to be achieving this goal by volunteer.. everywhere to self educate and awake to others ,and I am proud to say as I international ambassador peace I am happy to giving my promoting work by the blogging or positing work . Anyhow it’s a very large and deepest goal let’s all do together .
Partnership for the goals :
It’s all about to say that how to achieve all SDG goals ,by partnership ,fundraising , and innovatives ,may many off private organisations and multinational companies are donating towards to reach this goal as took a part in the CSR .And it’s best way to get engage with other partnerships to breaking the issues chains as well jointing the SDGs goal with many of exports ,scholars talk ,writers etc .It’s massive amalgamation of wonders to reach the goal .
Conclusion
Overall each goal has set its own framework in the  way with a different step in the 2030 agenda . for what the reason, UN set’s this body in 2015 by UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY ,we all must be stand-up with those goal activities .By active partness , involving as self interest
,contributing some of our time ,donating as possible for the food program ,conducting campaigns ,and giving a little patience with peace to the SDGs 17 .Sure ,one day we  reach our goals. if not all ,at least in some.
SDG is not only a mission .It’s mankind’s vision for healthy life to each one in the globe .
SDG, is not only a step to making for the greatest globe , it’s a heroism of humanity .
SDGs is not only a promotional banner ,it is our life and death map .
“SAVE THE LIVES AND REACH THE 17GOALS”
2-The Important of Social Inclusion in Somaliland
Niama Gedi,
Ambassador of Sustainability, Somaliland
Along with other social issues that have existed within the Somali community, social exclusion becomes one of the important problems that create conflicts. Some clans are not taken into consideration in the government decisions and social activities because they are viewed as less compared to others.  Minorities are not the only group facing this problem. Women are also excluded from the parliament house. In this article I am going to discuss the importance of social inclusion for these two groups; women and minority groups.

The minority groups in the Somali community, who are estimated as one third of the Somali people(approximately 2,000,000), are facing a huge challenge in getting their basic rights. Somaliland elections is clan based system were major clans have the power to decide who will be the next president. This means that minorities can’t be elected or have equal seats at the decision making table.  Social segregation of these ethnic groups made them face much exclusion in jobs, settlements and education.. etc.  In fact, the recent situation of Covid-19 affected these groups the most due to their vulnerability.
There has been a progress in gender equality in Somaliland for the last ten years, yet women are facing discrimination in jobs and politics.They are paid less compared to men. Culturally, Somali women’s role outside of their home is viewed as invaluable.

They can’t have seats in the parliament house or even quota.Even though community elders refuse women political participation, few discussions are taking place on this regard. Exclusion of women from all decision making processes both on governmental and societal level made Somali women’s voice weak. Their issues such as rape and gender based violence are always overlooked. Social inclusion can be implemented in many ways. We can initiate awareness programs for the community regarding the rights of both women and minority groups in political participation and in other aspects of life.

Somali women are becoming stronger because of education; they are activist, business owners and social entrepreneurs. To achieve gender equality we need an actual implementation of SDG4. We need to establish quota for women in parliament. Social equality is so important because one of the main causes of the civil war was preventing some clans from practicing their political rights. The government can also create programs for minorities such as skills training and facilitate access to education, create jobs as well as better settlement. In my conclusion, social development should be free from any discrimination and include every member of the community.
3-Web-Based Teaching to Promote Sustainability
Dr. Sanghamitra Adhya*
Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Kalyani Mahavidyalaya, West Bengal, India
*email: s.adhya75@gmail.com
Technologies can improve teaching environments in all fields of education, increase learning skills of students, reduce education expenses and improve the learning environment for students. The use of internet as a learning medium is attractive, accessible from anywhere and anytime in the world. During crisis period internet is a basic necessity for life. The educational systems around the world have witnessed the greatest shift towards online learning as countries are on lockdown condition in 2020 due to the coronavirus outbreak. The teaching methods, digital skills, virtual classroom management and developments are changing very rapidly through internet. It is especially important at this point of time to reach as many students as possible and teachers are continuously updating their content standards for all subjects as well as implementing new web-based assessments. There is great potential in alternative teaching and learning methods.

The Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), Project Management Professional (PMP) Certification and webinars are popular approaches for teaching online. The emergence of information technologies, creation of simulated situation and virtual explorations opened a new horizon for teaching and learning. The application of Geographical Information System (GIS) helps to take decision in many fields of education. The last twenty years has generally seen a steady expansion of web-based learning environment for Geographic education. The design, development of online teaching in Geography can create geospatial revolution. The application of geospatial mapping in public health could be traced back to 1854 when the water source responsible for the cholera outbreak in London was identified using Geographical Information System (GIS) by an English Physician John Snow.

In the present time, the application of geospatial mapping has extended to various other aspects of public health like disease surveillance, spatial epidemiology, child immunization tracking and health policy research. Collection and analysis of geospatial data in project evaluation can be done by linking multiple geospatial data points like location of the study area, chronological order of land cover changes from academic literature and the influence of external factors like forest fire, expansion of settlement, agricultural production etc. Pixels are the main units of analysis representing the Earth’s surface in digital images. The mapping tools enable the spatial representation of the earth’s surface features and its relationship to natural and built environments strengthening the planning capabilities in all spheres. Geospatial data helps to identify evaluation of questions like the effectiveness of web-based projects in data analysis and the heterogeneity in the effectiveness of the secondary data-based project.

The information on the web is virtually platform independent, unequalled in its capacity to reach many users at minimal costs. The web puts new dimension into the map as a cartographic metaphor. Digital maps, presented in a web browser allow for the dynamic and interactive dissemination of geospatial data. They offer new mapping techniques compared to traditional printed maps. Web maps can be classified into two main categories, static and dynamic web maps.

In a technological era, television, electronic toys, video games, mobile, computer, internet influence in receiving and processing information about geography through multi-sensory sources. As a result, field-based teaching techniques dramatically changed due to decreasing field survey in nature. Geographical websites, social-networking sites, Google Earth, Google Maps, YouTube videos, three-dimensional stereoscopic video movies, photo sharing sites like Panorama Studio, Flicker, Picasa, documents, images, graphs, facts and figures to teach and learn geography online.

An emergency planning promotes safety awareness and shows the education institutional commitment to the stake holders- students, teachers, guardians and communities. Preplanning is necessary for emergency situation. An urgent need for rapid decisions, shortage of time, lack of resources and trained personnel can lead to chaos during an emergency. Covid-19 has forced educational institutions across the world to suspend physical classrooms and shift to online classes.

There are many mobile learning apps which can be part of human life and add fun to the learning. The following lessons can be followed in online teaching:

Utilization of open data resources and tools Using of geospatial methods within mixed method approaches Coordination among multidisciplinary teams Dynamic learning and operating skills in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Live online programs

A technologically sound educator can teach the students and digitally record the whole session. Then he/she can upload it to the web and add daily supplementary videos, notes, comments and feedback from students over a period of time. It would be available online and could be viewed by anyone who wants to learn. The national digital library can be formed in this way.
The location independent e-learning is a well-rounded and effective educational practice needed for the capacity building of young students especially during crisis period. It will develop skills that will drive their employability, productivity, health and wellbeing in the coming years and ensure the overall progress of education.
  
REFERENCES
https://academia.edu/44064190/TOKYO_SUMMIT_2/
https://archive.org/

https://bhuvan.nrsc.gov.in/bhuvan_links.php
https://bookboon.com/
https://earth.google.com/web/
https://edtechreview.in/news/2133-geography-apps
https://elearning.iirs.gov.in/
https://europeanevaluation.org/
https://geospatialworldforum.org/
https://nagt.org/index.html